The Holodomor of 1932-1933 was an act of genocide of the Ukrainian people, organized by the Soviet leadership in 1932-1933 by creating an artificial mass famine. The goal of the Holodomor was implementation of conscious repressive and coercive policy of the communist party of the USSR, aimed at destruction of the Ukrainian nation (peasantry), destruction of independent peasant farms – the socio-economic foundations of the Ukrainian nation, by seizing food.
As a result of the Holodomor, about 4 million Ukrainians have died. The total number of victims in the USSR varies from 7 to 10 million.
Geography of the Holodomor:
The Holodomor was in the central and southern regions of modern Ukraine and in the Kuban, where a large number of ethnic Ukrainians lived at the time. It is worth remembering that the Holodomor was in Moldova, which at that time was part of the USSR.
About 81% of the victims of the famine were Ukrainians, 4.5% were Russians, 1.4% – Jews, and 1.1% was Poles. Many Belarusians, Bulgarians and Hungarians were also among the victims. The Soviet authorities concealed these facts and forbid foreign journalists to travel through the territories of the genocide.
Genocide as an instrument of extermination of Ukrainians:
In 2006, Ukraine officially recognized the Holodomor of 1932-33 as genocide of the Ukrainian people. However, the word “Holodomor” first appeared in the printed works of Ukrainian emigrants in Canada and the United States in 1978. At the same time, in the USSR they were only allowed to talk about “certain difficulties with food”, and the word “famine” was forbidden to use, and those who tried to expose facts of genocide were imprisoned or killed.
During the Holodomor, the Soviet authorities imposed a number of fines on peasants who allegedly did not fulfill grain procurement plans. As a punishment any other food was confiscated. It was not counted as debt payment it was only a punitive measure. The policy of such fines was meant to force peasants to hand over to the state hidden grain, which in fact did not exist. The legislative penalty for such “violations” were execution with confiscation of property, or 10 years in prison, without the right to amnesty. The punitive document was called the “The Law of Five Ears of Grain” because it covered every peasant who allegedly collected several ears of wheat on a collective farm field without permission, which was already considered a theft of state property. This “law” was in force until 1947. In 1932-33 implementation of the Law was obligatory.
Also, there was such a concept as the “Black Board” where the villagers were recorded as malicious violators who allegedly did not fulfill the plan of procurement. Debtors who were included in these lists were fined heavily; it escalated later into direct repressions against entire labor collectives. In addition to Ukraine, the system of “black boards” operated in the Kuban, Volga region, Don region – areas where ethnic Ukrainians lived.
Citing numerous stories of Holodomor witnesses, cases of cannibalism were reported among peasants. Desperate peasants ate bodies of their or neighbors’ dead children.
November 23 in Ukraine marks the Remembrance Day of Holodomor Victims of 1932-1933 – the genocide of the Ukrainian people committed by the totalitarian communist regime of the USSR. On this day, memorial services are held throughout Ukraine and in many countries around the world. The State Flag is lowered on the territory of Ukraine and entertainment events are restricted. At 16:00, Ukrainians light candles of remembrance and join a nationwide minute of silence.
We call on the entire civilized world community to join this action. Light a candle in memory of innocent victims, post photo of your candles on your social media pages with the hashtag #holodomor_remember.